Below you will find some basic First Aid instructions. These are by NO means to serve as substitution for medical care and your animal should still be seen immediately at your closest veterinarian hospital
Keep animal as calm and comfortable as possible. Place small pet in a carrier or hold gently with minimal restraint. Avoid neck leads (place leash around shoulders and over one front leg). Avoid pet walking, carry if possible or have emergency staff assist with a gurney; Keep the environment cool (A/C on high in car). Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Use a clean cloth or towel to apply direct pressure; if bleeding from a leg, try to keep the leg elevated during transport. If pet is bleeding from a recent spay incision, wrap a towel or ACE bandage around the abdomen before transporting pet. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Most seizures will stop in 2-5 minutes and are usually not life threatening. Owners should remain calm and speak quietly and reassuringly to the pet during the seizure. Never try to hold a pet while it is seizing, for it may snap or bite. DO NOT put your hand in the pet?s mouth during a seizure. Animals can be disoriented and even aggressive after a seizure and should be handled carefully and minimally. Small puppies and kittens may seizure due to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar); try placing a small amount of Karo Syrup or sugar water on the gums. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Hit by a car
Pet may be in shock, cover with a blanket and carefully place in a box or carrier if pet is small, large dogs may be placed on a board or use a blanket as a hammock for transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Rinse with cool water or apply a cool water compress. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Leg injury or a possible fracture (break)
Handle the injured leg as little as possible and carry the pet or transport pet in a box or carrier. If the pet is carried, hold the pet so the injured leg is away from your body. Do not allow large dogs to jump in or out of the car without assistance, have the emergency staff assist with a gurney.
Cool pet briefly by wetting the hair thoroughly with COOL not cold water, then immediately transport to the nearest emergency clinic. DO NOT submerge in ice bath as this may place the animal into shock and drop the body temperature to quickly. Maintain a cool environment (A/C on high in car).
If caused by an irritant (soap from a bath) flush eye with cool water or a saline eye wash. Cover the eye with a moist cloth if possible. Do not apply any topical medication until a complete exam has been completed. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Most are commonly caused by insect stings or bites, but can also be caused by vaccinations or even certain foods or medications. Dogs are more commonly affected than cats. The most common reactions are facial swelling and hives, with severe itching and redness of the skin. More severe, anaphylactic reactions may also include vomiting, collapse, pale gums and labored breathing. The pet may also defecate and urinate. These should be treated immediately at an emergency clinic. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Straining to urinate
Most commonly noted in cats, especially male cats and is a life threatening condition that requires immediate treatment. Urinary obstruction in dogs is commonly caused by bladder stones. Cats often have urinary tract infections and mucous-crystalline plugs of sediment that block the urethra. These problems require emergency treatment and can lead to kidney failure and death. Transport to the nearest emergency clinic.
Poison or toxin
Many items around the house are toxic to pets, including cleaning products, prescribed medications, garbage, plants and household insecticides. If the toxin is known, bring the package to the clinic. Call the clinic prior to the visit and have the active ingredient, time of exposure, weight of the animal and whether the pet has already vomited type of information available on request. It may be necessary to induce vomiting prior to transporting to the nearest emergency clinic.